The number of Protected Areas has been on the riseacross the world to accelerate protection of biodiversity on land and in ocean,an expansion that reflects a growing political commitment across the world’s nations to conserve the Earth’s biodiversity. This is in line with the aims of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020,leadingup to the review date of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets(Aichi Target 11 for Protected Area coverage)in 2020. Aswashighlighted at the UN Oceans Conference2018, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have increased more than 15-fold since 1993 when the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)entered into force. A larger area of the ocean is now protected,as compared to that ofland.The global coverage of MPAs is 7.47%which isa jump from 2.5% in 10 years. This covers a total of 17,276 MPAs. The percentage of MPAs created within National waters is much higher than that in the International waters (Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ)). 17.32% of these waters are designated as protected areas in contrastto the1.18% of ABNJ, which makes up 61% of the global ocean(UNEP-WCMC, IUCN and NGS, 2018).

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